14 Mayıs 2011 Cumartesi



Chinyoti (Urdu: چنیوٹی ) are one of the leading industrialists of Pakistan. They come from a small town of Chiniot. Chiniot is the headquarters of Chiniot District of Punjab province of Pakistan with a catchment area population of nearly 1 million inhabitants (rural and urban), is located on the banks of River indus, southwestern Punjab. Chinioti term is reserved only for those residents and their descendants who migrated to far off Indian cities in the late 19th or early 20th century to set up small businesses. They are also known as Chinioti Shaikhs. The Chinioti Shaikh are a multi-ethnic community who are partly descended from Arabs, Persians, Afghans and Turks. The Muslims of Middle East and Central Asia have historically, travelled to South Asia as technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and Sufis during the Islamic Sultanates and Mughal Empire and settled permanently.
Out of 100,000 people who proudly call themselves Chiniotis, only 5,000 live in Chiniot. A small number of these Punjabi families were settled in Kolkatta (Calcutta) where they had migrated from Punjab in the 19th century to set up businesses near the source. The group remains endogamous and marries within the Punjabi Khatri community only. Beside Chiniot, they are living in Faisalabad, Lahore and Karachi.
The ancestors of these traders belonged to two Hindu caste groups ; Khatri and Arora. After embracing Islam they called themselves Khoja and adopted Sheikh or Mian as title. They are also known as Chinioti Sheikh or Khoja Sheikh. The Khatri gotras of these traders are: Adal, Behrara, Churra, Maggun (or Maghoon), Sahgal, Wadhaun (or Vadhavan), Vohra (Wihara), Talwar, Puri, Topra, etc.. Where Arora gotra is Goruwala. Hence these groups are hetrogenous and Chiniotis themselves are not an ethnic group but a collection of various castes of Khatris and Aroras who came to live in close proximity due to their common occupation with trade. Originally these were upper caste Kashatriya tribes who took to trade a few hundred years ago. The extended clan extends from the Kashmiri Khatris of the valley to the Potohar plateau and also to Western Punjab in Chiniot within Jhang district.

After independence of Pakistan in 1947, nearly all Chinioti Shaikh of East Punjab, Haryana, Calcutta and other parts of northern India escaped from pograms and genocide in India and settled in Pakistan.
       Kharadar: A famous palace of Karachi, Pakistan

Kharadar (Urdu: کھارادر ) is one of the neighbourhoods of Saddar Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. Kharadar literally means salty gate in both Sindhi and Urdu; the neighbourhood might have received this name because it is located near the Arabian Sea.
There are several ethnic groups in Kharadar including mostly all are Memons, Muhajirs, Punjabis, Sindhis, Kashmiris, Seraikis, Pakhtuns, Balochis, Memons, Bohras, Ismailis, etc. Over 99% of the population is Muslim.
The population of Saddar Town is estimated to be nearly one million.
  Achi Qabar
  Boltan Market
  Bombay Bazaar
  Bunder Quarters
  Chagla Street
  Ghanta Ghar
  Ghulam Hussain Qasim Quarters (Partial)
  Iranian Hall
  Jamat Khana
  Jodia Bazaar
  Kagzi Bazaar
  Kapra Market (Cloth Market)
  Khori Garden
  Lea Market
  Market Quarters
  Memon Chowk
  Memon Masjid (Memon Mosque)
  Napier Quarters
  Old Town
  Police Chowki
  Punjabi Club
  Qamar House
  Sindhi Para
  Sirafa Bazaar (Gold Market)
  Wazir Mansion (Quaid's birthplace)

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